Pat Sullivan

Birth: February 2, 1887, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Death: February 15, 1933, New York City, New York, United States

Occupation/Title
Producer, Director, Writer, Animator, Cartoonist

Bio Summary:
Pat Sullivan has moved from Australia, to England, to America, going through many different sorts of jobs. Used profits from Felix, which he falsely claimed to have created, to finance a string of brothels. Sullivan suffered from syphilis, and his mental faculties declined. He ended up dying from pneumonia and alcoholism.

Early Life/Family
He was the second son of Patrick Sullivan, a Darlinghurst Cab Proprieter, and his mother’s name was Margaret. His Father was unsupportive of his drawing and art interests. Pat Sullivan later married Marjorie Gallagher on May 21, 1917. She later fell to her death in March 1932, from the Second floor of their Apartment.

Education/Training:
-Marist Brothers at St Benedict’s School -St Mary’s Cathedral Boys’ High School -Attended Classes at the Art Society of NSW, starting out as a Caricaturist.

Career Outline:
Pat Sullivan had an assortment of jobs. He was once the gatekeeper at Toohey’s Brewery in Surry Hills. He also submitted his comics to *The Worker * and *Gadfly*, a trade union newspaper. He later tried his hand at lightweight boxing when he moved to England, and then a singer and dancer. He later got his comics in the *Alley Sloper* Strip for a one and a half years. Then Sullivan moved to the United States in 1914, where his source of revenue came from cinema posters. He was later employed by the *McClure*, a newspaper, to do comic strips of *The Adventures of Sambo*,* Johnny Boston Beans*,* Obliging Oliver*, and* Old Pop Perkins *under the cartoonist William Marriner*. *When Marriner died, Sullivan joined Raoul Barre’s studio. He was later laid off. Despite being laid off however, he managed to get a studio, and began his life as an animator, where he hired Otto Messmer.

Comments On Style:
-His work is “Chaplinesque,” with regards to his art style and his humor. -He did framed, uncolored, silent cartoons.

Influences: His beginning works were influenced William Marriner.

Personality:

Anecdotes: -1917 – He was convicted of raping a 14 year old girl (2nd degree or statutory) , and he married Marjorie Gallagher while he was on bail. Gallagher had begged the Justice Department for clemency. While he was in jail for nine months however, he still practiced his cartooning, and once released, he continued his studio. - Since his success was coming from his black and white, silent cartoons, he continued to stick with them because it was the formula to his success before. He caught on to sound and color too late, and his success continued to go downhill from there.

His Sammie Johnsin series was a thinly vailed copy of the William Marriner comic stripe that he assisted on. Adventures of Sambo

The myth is that he got the copyright for Felix back from Paramount by creating a drunk altercation in the New York offices of Paramount where he may or may not have urinated on the president’s desk. How much truth there is to this story, who knows. But he did somehow manage to get the copyright for Felix back from Paramount and it proved worth millions.

There was a lot of speculation about the death of his wife due to a fall from their apartment window. There was some evidence that she was involved with her chauffeur and that her husband knew this. Pat Sullivan was in the room when she fell but there were never any crimanal charges.

Miscellaneous:
-AKA Patrick O’Sullivan, Patrick Peter Sullivan, ‘P. O’Sullivan -Although there is no confirmed proof, most animation historians believe that it was Otto Mesmer who actually created the Felix the Cat Series, but he unfortunately was not allowed to sign his name on them, giving Pat Sullivan all the credit. Sullivan however, told everyone that Felix was invented by him and his wife.

Filmography: *Producer* *
1931 Backyard Serenade (short) (producer)
1930 April Maze (short) (producer)
1930 Felix the Cat in Forty Winks (short) (producer)
1930 Hootchy Cootchy Parlais Vous (short) (producer)
1930 Oceantics (short) (producer)
1930 Felix the Cat in Skulls and Sculls (short) (producer)
1930 Tee Time (short) (producer)
1929 Felix the Cat in False Vases (short) (producer)
1929 One Good Turn (short) (producer)
1928 The Last Life (short) (producer)
1928 Jungle Bungles (short) (producer)
1928 Astronomeous (short) (producer)
1928 Futuritzy (short) (producer)
1928 Outdoor Indore (short) (producer)
1928 In and Out-Laws (short) (producer)
1928 Arabiantics (short) (producer)
1928 Eskimotive (short) (producer)
1928 Sure-Locked Homes (short)(producer)
1928 Comicalamities (short)(producer)
1928 Polly-tics (short) (producer)
1928 Japanicky (short) (producer)
1928 Ohm Sweet Ohm (short)(producer)
1928 The Oily Bird (short)(producer)
1928 Draggin' the Dragon (short)(producer)
1928 The Smoke Scream (short)(producer)
1928 Woos Whoopee (short) (producer)
1927 Felix Behind in Front (short)(producer)
1927 Felix the Cat Hits the Deck(short) (producer)
1927 Whys and Otherwise (short)(producer)
1927 Uncle Tom's Crabbin' (short)(producer)
1927 Daze and Knights (short)(producer)
1927 No Fuelin' (short) (producer)
1927 Felix the Cat Switches Witches (short) (producer)
1927 Flim Flam Films (short)(producer)
1927 Wise Guise (short) (producer)
1927 The Non-Stop Fright (short)(producer)
1927 Felix the Cat, Jack of All Trades (short) (producer)
1927 The Travel-Hog (short)(producer)
1927 Art for Heart's Sake (short)(producer)
1927 'Loco' Motive (short)(producer)
1927 Dough-Nutty (short) (producer)
1927 Felix the Cat Ducks His Duty (short) (producer)
1927 Felix the Cat as Romeeow (short) (producer)
1927 Eye Jinks (short) (producer)
1927 Germ Mania (short) (producer)
1927 Barn Yarns (short) (producer)
1927 Felix the Cat Sees 'Em in Season >(short) (producer)
1927 Stars and Stripes (short)(producer)
1927 Icy Eyes (short) (producer)
1927 Pedigreedy (short) (producer)
1927 Felix the Cat Dines and Pines (short) (producer)
1926 Zoo Logic (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Collars the Button (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Trumps the Ace (short) (producer)
1926 Reverse English (short)(producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Busts a Bubble (short) (producer)
1926 Land O'Fancy (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Hunts the Hunter (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Shatters the Sheik (short) (producer)
1926 Scrambled Yeggs (short)(producer)
1926 Two-Lip Time (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat in Gym Gems (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Misses His Swiss (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Seeks Solitude (short) (producer)
1926 School Daze (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Rings the Ringer (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Scoots ThroughScotland (short) (producer)
1926 A Tale of Two Kitties (short)(producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Braves the Briny (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Misses the Cue (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Uses His Head (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Weathers the Weather (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Laughs It Off (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Fans the Flames (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat in Blunderland (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Flirts with Fate (short) (producer)
1926 Felix the Cat Spots the Spooks (short) (producer)
1925 Felix the Cat Kept on Walking (short) (producer)
1925 At the Rainbow's End (short)(producer)
1925 Felix the Cat Tries the Trades (short) (producer)
1925 Eats Are West (short)(producer)
1925 The Cold Rush (short)(producer)
1925 Felix the Cat on the Job (short) (producer)
1925 Felix the Cat on the Farm (short) (producer)
1925 Felix the Cat Trips Thru Toyland (short) (producer)
1925 Felix the Cat Busts Into Business (short) (producer)
1925 Felix Trifles with Time (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Dopes It Out (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Finds 'Em Fickle (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Gets the Can (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Cops the Prize (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Monkeys with Magic (short) (producer)
1925 Felix Outwits Cupid (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Full o' Fight (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Gets His Fill (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Rests in Peace (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Follows the Swallows (short) (producer)
1925 Felix All Puzzled (short)(producer)
1925 Felix Wins and Loses (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Goes Hungry (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Finishes First (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Finds Out (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Brings Home the Bacon (short) (producer)
1924 Felix Goes West (short)(producer)
1924 Felix All Balled Up (short)(producer)
1924 Baffled by Banjos (short)(producer)
1924 Friend in Need (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Puts It Over (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Pinches the Pole (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Doubles for Darwin (short) (producer)
1924 Felix Tries to Rest (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Crosses the Crooks (short) (producer)
1924 Felix Hits the Hipps (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Loses Out (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Cashes In (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Fairy Tales (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Foozled (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Grabs His Grub (short)(producer)
1924 Felix 'Hyps' the Hippo (short)(producer)
1924 Felix Minds His Business (short) (producer)
1924 Felix Out of Luck (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Goes A-Hunting (short)(producer)
1923 Felix the Goat Getter (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Fills a Shortage (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Laughs Last (short)(producer)
1923 Felix in Fairyland (short)(producer)
1923 Felix in Hollywood (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Strikes It Rich (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Gets Broadcasted (short)(producer)
1923 Felix the Globe Trotter (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Calms His Conscience (short) (producer)
1923 Felix Revolts (short)(producer)
1923 Felix Tries for Treasure (short) (producer)
1923 Felix Win's Out (short)(producer)
1923 Felix and the Radio (short)(producer)
1923 Felix the Ghost Breaker (short)(producer)
1922 Felix in the Bone Age (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Gets Left (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Lends a Hand (short)(producer)
1922 Felix on the Trail (short)(producer)
1922 Fifty-Fifty (short) (producer)
1922 Felix Turns the Tide (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Minds the Kid (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Wakes Up (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Gets Revenge (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Finds a Way (short)(producer)
1922 Felix in the Swim (short)(producer)
1922 Felix in Love (short)(producer)
1922 Felix All at Sea (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Makes Good (short)(producer)
1922 Felix at the Fair (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Saves the Day (short)(producer)
1922 Felix Comes Back (short)(producer)
1921 Felix the Gay Dog (short)(producer)
1921 Felix Left at Home (short)(producer)
1921 Out of Luck (short) (producer)
1921 The Love Punch (short)(producer)
1921 Felix Goes on Strike (short)(producer)
1921/I The Hypnotist (short)(producer)
1921 Free Lunch (short) (producer)
1920 Felix the Landlord (short)(producer)
1920 My Hero (short) (producer)
1920 Kill or Cure (short) (producer)
1920 Felix Hits the North Pole (short) (producer)
1919 The Adventures of Felix (short)(producer)
1919 Feline Follies (short)(producer)
1919 Charlie Treats 'Em Rough (short) (producer)
1919/II Charlie in Turkey (short)(producer)
1919 Charley at the Beach (short)(producer)
1919 Charley Out West (short)(producer)
1919 Musical Mews (short) (producer)
1918 Over the Rhine with Charlie (short) (producer)
1918 How Charlie Captured the Kaiser (short) (producer)
1917 Colonel Pepper's Mobilized Farm (short) (producer)
1917/II Doing His Bit (short)(producer)
1917 A Barnyard Hamlet (short)(producer)
1917 A Good Liar (short) (producer)
1917 Hammon Egg's Reminiscences (short) (producer)
1917 Box Car Bill Falls in Luck (short) (producer)
1917 Monkey Love (short) (producer)
1917 Seven Cutey Pups (short)(producer)
1917 Duke Dolittle's Jungle Fizzle (short) (producer)
1917 Young Nick Carter Detectiff (short) (producer)
1917 A Pesky Pup (short) (producer)
1917 Cupid Gets Some New Dope (short) (producer)
1917 Them Were the Happy Days (short) (producer)
1917 Twenty Thousand Laughs Under the Sea (short) (producer)
1917 A Barnyard Nightmare (short)(producer)
1917 Boomer Bill Goes to Sea (short)(producer)
1917 A Good Story About a Bad Egg (short) (producer)
1917 Inbad the Sailor (short)(producer)
1917 The Love Affair of Ima Knut (short) (producer)
1917 The Tail of Thomas Kat (short)(producer)
1917 A Day in the Life of a Dog (short) (producer)
1917 Fearless Freddie in the Woolly West (short) (producer)
1917 Boomer Bill's Awakening (short)(producer)
1917 The Trials of Willie Winks (short) (producer)

*Credited as Director**
1919 Getting a Story, or the Origin of the Shimmie (short)
1919 Charlie Treats 'Em Rough (short)
1919 Hardrock Dome, the Great Detective, Episode 3 (short)
1919 Hardrock Dome, the Great Detective, Episode 2 (short)
1919/II Charlie in Turkey (short)
1919 Hardrock Dome, the Great Detective (short)
1919 Charley at the Beach (short)
1919 Charley Out West (short)
1918 Over the Rhine with Charlie (short)
1918 How Charlie Captured the Kaiser (short)
1917 Box Car Bill Falls in Luck (short)
1917 Cupid Gets Some New Dope (short)
1917 Twenty Thousand Laughs Under the Sea (short)
1917 A Barnyard Nightmare (short)
1917 Boomer Bill Goes to Sea (short)
1917 A Good Story About a Bad Egg (short)
1917 Inbad the Sailor (short)
1917 The Tail of Thomas Kat (short)
1917 Fearless Freddie in the Woolly West (short)
1917 Boomer Bill's Awakening (short)
1917 The Trials of Willie Winks (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Slumbers Not (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin and His Wonderful Lamp (short)
1916 The Trials of a Movie Cartoonist (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin's Love Affair (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin at the Seaside (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Minds the Baby (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin in Mexico (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Gets a Job (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Magician (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Strong Man (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Hunter (short)

*Writer** (18 titles) *
1925 Felix Gets the Can (short)
1924 Felix Finds Out (short)
1924 Felix Goes West (short)
1924 Felix Doubles for Darwin (short)
1923 Felix in Hollywood (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Slumbers Not (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin and His Wonderful Lamp (short)
1916 The Trials of a Movie Cartoonist (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin's Love Affair (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin at the Seaside (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Minds the Baby (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin in Mexico >(short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Gets a Job (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Magician (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Strong Man (short)
1916 Sammie Johnsin Hunter (short)

*Animation Department** (2 titles) * 1917 Boomer Bill Goes to Sea (short)(animator)
1917 Boomer Bill's Awakening (short)(animator)

*Cinematographer** (1 title) * 1916 Sammie Johnsin Hunter (short)

Honors:

Related Links:
Felix the Cat Website
The Otto Messmer & Sulivan debate
IMDB

Bibliographic References:
Lambiek Comiclopedia
Crandol, M. (1999). *The history of animation: Advantages and disadvantages of the studio system in the production of an art form*. Retrieved from http://www.digitalmediafx.com/Features/animationhistory.html
Gerstein, D. (2011). *Pat sullivan's cartoons (1919)*. Retrieved from http://brayanimation.weebly.com/pat-sullivan-series.html
Lambiek. *Pat sullivan*. In (2008). Retrieved from http://lambiek.net/artists/s/sullivan_p.htm
TAE. (2008, February 11). *The history of animation7 - pat sullivan: Charlie chaplin, mater tom, and felix the cat (1914-1919)*. Retrieved from http://theanimationempire.blogspot.com/2008/02/history-of-animation-7-pat-sullivan.html
Young, John, 'Sullivan, Patrick Peter (Pat) (1885–1933)', Australian Dictionary of Biography,
National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/sullivan-patrick-peter-pat-13209/text23915, accessed 29 October, 2011.

Contributors To This Listing:
Angela Luong
Larry Loc

Animators Hall of Fame