Ted Geisel (Dr. Seuss)

Born: March 2, 1904, in Springfield, Mass
Died: Sept. 24, 1991, in La Jolla, Calif

*Occupation/Title *
· Writer, poet, and cartoonist most widely known for his children’s books written under the pen name Dr. Suess.

*Bio Summary *
· He wrote and illustrated children's classics such as The Cat in the Hat, Green Eggs and Ham, Horton Hears a Who! and How the Grinch Stole Christmas!

· Theodor "Ted" Seuss Geisel, also known as Dr. Seuss, is less well-known for his editorial cartoons, many drawn in the 1920s. He illustrated magazine articles and war posters. And he won two Academy Awards.

· First children's book: And *to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street*, which had been rejected by 27 publishers before a former Dr. Seuss classmate working at Vanguard Press got it printed.

*Early Life/Family*
· He had no children of his own, though he became a stepfather to two grown daughters when he married Audrey. But it didn't matter, as he often said: "You have 'em, I'll amuse 'em." Many of literature's most beloved children's authors -- Lewis Carroll, Beatrix Potter, Edward Lear, Maurice Sendak -- did not have children.

· Geisel's biographers say he retained a good deal of the child in him as an adult, which might be one reason why kids loved him.

· Married to: Helen Palmer Geisel, 1927-1967; Audrey Stone Geisel, 1968-1991**

· Education: Bachelor of arts, Dartmouth College, 1925. Attended Oxford University (no degree). · Early jobs: Worked in the advertising department of Standard Oil. During World War II he created a series of "Private Snafu" training cartoons for U.S. military recruits.**

*Career Outline: *
· Books in print: At the time of Dr. Seuss' death, some 200-million copies of his books, translated into 15 languages, had delighted readers around the world.

· 1925 - Graduates from Dartmouth College. He adopts the pen name "Seuss" when he's banned from the campus humor magazine for throwing a party in violation of school policy.
· 1937 - His first children's book, And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street, is published after 27 rejections.
· 1957 - Publishes two blockbusters, The Cat in the Hat which catapults him from kid-lit pioneer to definitive children's book author and How the Grinch Stole Christmas!'
· 1960 - Green Eggs and Ham is published, prompting mothers to embrace green food coloring as a breakfast staple.
· 1966 - How the Grinch Stole Christmas! premieres on TV.
· 1991 - Dies Sept. 24 at age 87. More than 500 million copies of Seuss books have found their way into homes around the world today. · 2004 - A stamp honoring Dr. Seuss is issued today, the 100th anniversary of the author's birth.

*Comments On Style: *
· Originally, his palette was limited, says Audrey Geisel, who helped him expand his color horizons. "It started with primary colors ? just black, white and red," for The Cat in the Hat character. "And as the years went on, around The Lorax, it moved into mauves and lavenders, purples and grays."**

*Influences: *
· Ted Geisel was also very influenced early on by the cartoon styles of Milt Gross, and George Herriman. Both were great cartoon surrealists who Geisel would have grown up reading and studying.

*Personality: *
· "He had a sense of mischief. He distrusted the grown-ups," Nel says. "He used to say, 'I don't write for children; I write for people.' " · No doubt about it: The guy liked hats. Is there anywhere a chapeau more recognizable than the Cat's red-striped top hat? And he wrote a whole book about a boy and his hats, The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins, who was sentenced to death by a foolish king because he had too many. · Geisel had a couple of hundred hats of his own, Cohen says; in his later years, he loved to have guests wear zany hats to parties at his home in San Diego.**

*Anecdotes: *
· “Geisel and Chuck met at the Motion Picture Film Unit during WWII. Geisel wrote many of the wartime training short made with Warner Bros and Disney artists who had been drafted into the service. He was politically left, as were many artists of that time. He protected artists being purged by the Hollywood Blacklist, like he gave a job to Phil Eastman, who later became a children's book writer of classics like Go,Dog,Go!. They wrote the classic UPA short Gerald McBoing-Boing together. He was a gentle man, lived in LaJolla, he and his wife had no children " You have them. I'll entertain them." he said. He liked Chuck Jone's Grinch Who Stole Christmas, although he felt Chuck had changed his drawing style too much to suit his own. He Jones-ified it. When Friz Feleng did a TV special later ( Halloween is Grinch Night 1977), he stuck closer to Geisels style, which suited Geisel fine” (Tom Sito information).

*Miscellaneous: *
· Seuss -- his middle name and his mother's maiden name -- rhymes with "voice," by the way, rather than "loose."
· He was an underdog
· Ted Geisel was told by his high school art teacher that he would never be successful in art. And classmates at Dartmouth voted him "Least Likely to Succeed."
· Interestingly, Dr. Seuss never won the Caldecott Medal, nor the Newbery -- the two biggestprizes in children's literature.
· Inventive
· If you've ever been called a nerd, you have Dr. Seuss to thank. He's often credited with making up the not-exactly-complimentary moniker.
· According to the Encarta World English Dictionary, nerd is a mid-20th-century word of uncertain origins, "perhaps created by children's author Dr. Seuss in If I Ran the Zoo (1950), referring to a small angry humanoid animal." But nerd was but one tiny animal in Seuss' menagerie. Among the others, and not in order of ferocity · The proud poet
· What was Seuss' greatest achievement? His success at teaching children to read, to love language and to use their imaginations. He always said The Cat in the Hat was "the book I'm proudest of, because it had something to do with the death of the Dick and Jane primers."
· Colorful

· Best-selling Seuss
1. Green Eggs and Ham
2. The Cat in the Hat
3. One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish
4. Hop on Pop
5. Oh, the Places You'll Go!
6. Dr. Seuss's ABC
7. The Cat in the Hat Comes Back
8. Fox in Socks
9. How the Grinch Stole Christmas!
10. My Book About Me Everyone thinks of the Grinch as green, right? Well, Cohen says, he wasn't; he was black and white with a red Santa-like sweater. But the Grinch turned green when Geisel hooked up with animator Chuck Jones to make How the Grinch Stole Christmas! for TV. And the rest is history.**

* * *Filmography: *
2010 The Angry Video Game Nerd (TV series) – How the Nerd Stole Christmas (2010) (original story / as Dr. Seuss)
2008 Horton Hears a Who! (book / story)
2008 Red Beans & Jam (short) (adaptation)
2005 Gerald McBoing Boing (TV series) – Pilot (2005) (characters)
2003 Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat (book)
2000 How the Grinch Stole Christmas (book)
2000 The Grinch (Video Game) (book "How the Grinch Stole Christmas!")
1997 The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss (TV series) – The Cat in the Hat Takes a Nap (1997) (based on the works of / as Theodor Geisel)
1995 Daisy-Head Mayzie (TV short) (written by / as Theodor Geisel)
1994 In Search of Dr. Seuss (TV movie) (characters)
1992 If I Ran the Zoo (video short) (book)
1992 Horton Hatches the Egg (video) (book)
1992 How the Grinch Stole Christmas! (video) (book)
1992 Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories (video short) (book)
1991 Dr. Seuss' ABC (video short) (book)
1991 Dr. Seuss: I Am Not Going to Get Up Today! (video short) (book)
1989 The Butter Battle Book (TV short) (book / written for television by)
1986 Welcome (short) (book "Thidwick the Big-Hearted Moose")
1982 The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat (TV short) (teleplay / as Ted Geisel / written by)
1980 Pontoffel Pock, Where Are You? (TV short) (teleplay)
1977 Halloween Is Grinch Night (TV short) (teleplay)
1975 The Hoober-Bloob Highway (TV movie) (teleplay)
1973 Dr. Seuss on the Loose (TV short) (screenplay / stories: "The Sneetches", "The Zax" and "Green Eggs and Ham" - uncredited)
1972 The Lorax (TV short) (teleplay)
1971 The Cat in the Hat (TV short) (teleplay)
1970 Horton Hears a Who! (TV short) (teleplay)
1966 How the Grinch Stole Christmas! (TV short) (book)
1957 The Big Fun Carnival (story / archive footage)
1956 The Gerald McBoing-Boing Show (TV series)
1956 Gerald McBoing! Boing! on Planet Moo (short) (characters)
1954 How Now Boing Boing (short) (characters)
1953 Gerald McBoing-Boing's Symphony (short) (characters)
1953 The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T. (screenplay / story and conception)
1950 Gerald McBoing-Boing (short) (story)
1950 The Costume Designer (documentary short) (story - uncredited)
1947 Design for Death (documentary) (as Theodor S. Geisel)
1946 Private Snafu Presents Seaman Tarfu in the Navy (short) (uncredited)
1945 Operation Snafu (short) (uncredited)
1945 No Buddy Atoll (short) (uncredited)
1945 Hot Spot (short) (uncredited)
1945 It's Murder She Says... (short) (uncredited)
1945 A Few Quick Facts: Fear (short) (uncredited)
1945 In the Aleutians (short) (uncredited)
1945 Your Job in Germany (documentary short)
1944 Target Snafu (short) (uncredited)
1944 Three Brothers (short) (uncredited)
1944 Pay Day (short) (uncredited)
1944 Outpost (short) (uncredited)
1944 Censored (short) (uncredited)
1944 And to Think I Saw It on Mulberry Street (short) (book)
1944 The Chow Hound (short) (uncredited)
1944 Gas (short) (uncredited)
1944 A Lecture on Camouflage (short) (uncredited)
1944 Snafuperman (short) (uncredited)
1944 Private Snafu vs. Malaria Mike (short) (uncredited)
1944 A Few Quick Facts: Inflation (short) (uncredited)
1944 Going Home (short) (uncredited)
1944 Booby Traps (short) (uncredited)
1943 Rumors (short) (uncredited)
1943 The Home Front (short) (uncredited)
1943 The Infantry Blues (short) (uncredited)
1943 The Goldbrick (short) (uncredited)
1943 Spies (short) (uncredited)
1943 Gripes (short) (uncredited)
1943 Coming!! Snafu (short) (uncredited)
1943 500 Hats of Bartholemew Cubbins (short) (writer)
1942 Horton Hatches the Egg (short) (book)
1931 Put on the Spout (short) (story)
1931 'Neath the Bababa Tree (short) (story)

*Honors: *
· few of his awards:
Three Oscars for his role in making the World War II documentaries Hitler Lives and Design for Death and animated short Gerald McBoing Boing.
A Pulitzer Prize in 1984 for his lifetime contribution to children's literature.
Two Emmys for The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat and Halloween Is Grinch Night.
A Peabody for The Dr. Seuss Programs. Seven honorary doctorates, including one from Dartmouth.

*Related Links: *
· http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0317450/p> *Bibliographic References: * Miller, Michele. "THE CAT, THE HAT AND ALL OF THAT." *The St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, FL). *(March 12, 2008): 3. *Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center*. Gale. California State Univ. Fullerton. 19 Oct. 2011 Erick Bonnet
Tom Sito
Larry Loc

Animators Hall of Fame